The tools at your disposal for developing Android apps keep getting better. Here are the ones you need in your arsenal.
Android's open-source ethos means the tools used to develop apps for the platform are constantly evolving. We've run down some of the tried and true Android development tools, along with the most exciting new ones.
If you've read any of our other lists, it should be no surprise to see Flutter on here. The integrated development environment utilizes the Dart programming language to allow you to build cross-platform native apps from a single codebase. It can also build true progressive web apps (PWAs). One of the most exciting features of Flutter is its integration with Flare, a vector-based design and animation tool that will let you add animations directly into your Flutter app. It also has support for payments via Square Reader and testing and continuous deployment with Nevercode Codemagic.
IntelliJ IDEA is an integrated development environment for Java-based applications. While a lot of Android developers will work in Android Studio, there's a lot to recommend IntelliJ IDEA. It offers smart completion, which analyzes your code and finds connections between symbols. The smart completion generates a list of the most relevant symbols given the context. And as you use IntelliJ IDEA, the smart completion gets smarter and begins to move frequently used classes and packages to the top of your list.
Cost: IntelliJ IDEA offers a free version or a business version. The business version starts at $49.90 USD per month, with the premium version going for $64.90 USD per month.
Android Studio is built on IntelliJ IDEA software, but customised specifically for developing Android apps. Unlike Apple's Xcode, you can run Android Studio on any machine, Mac or PC. Android Studio has some time-saving features for developers, including the ability to develop for all Android devices in the same environment. Its Instant Run allows you to push any changes to your running app without the need to build a new APK. It also integrates Gradle for faster build times, provides support for Android Instant Apps and supports Kotlin as well as Java.
Genymotion lets you test your app on a virtual Android device. It's available either as a cloud-based service or a desktop version. The desktop version emulates more than 3,000 Android device configurations, including OS versions, hardware capacities and screen size. Genymotion's desktop version includes tools to emulate multi-touch events, accelerometer actions and even SMS and call interruptions so you can get a feel for exactly how your app will look and perform on a variety of devices. It also works on Mac OS, Windows or Linux.
Cost: Genymotion Cloud offers a platform edition starting at $0.50 per hour and a Software as a Service (SaaS) edition starting at $200 USD per month. Genymotion Desktop is $136 USD per year for individuals and $412 USD per year for businesses. Enterprise pricing quotes are available on request.
Android wifi adb
Unlike Xcode, Android Studio doesn't natively support wireless testing. Android wifi adb solves this problem and frees you from being tethered to your computer. The tool plugs in to Android Studio. You simply connect your device with a USB, connect it to a wireless network and then disconnect from the USB. The plugin even works over a VPN. The one downside of Android wifi adb is that it doesn't cache your devices, so you'll have to connect to USB every time before choosing a wireless connection.
Cost: AIDE is free on the Google Play Store, but contains ads and offers in-app purchases.
GameMaker Studio 2
If you're not a skilled coder, GameMaker Studio 2 gives you the ability to create fully functional 2D games without writing a line of code. The software uses a drag and drop interface and supports raster and vector graphics, as well as 2D skeletal animations. GameMaker Studio 2 supports development for almost any platform, including Android, iOS, Mac OS, Windows, Amazon Fire TV and even Playstation 4 and Xbox One. It also provides support if you want to monetize your game using in-app purchases or connect with your audience using push notifications.
Cost: GameMaker Studio 2 has a wide range of pricing options, from a $39 12-month license to publish to Mac OS or Windows desktop to a $1,500 12-month license to publish to all available platforms.